Climate and Location

About Singapore - Climate & LocationAbout Singapore - Climate & LocationAbout SingaAbout Singapore - Climate & Location

This page covers useful information on the tropical climate, weather and the geographical location of Singapore. Some facts and statistics are included.

Singapore Weather

Like most of Southeast Asia, Singapore is generally hot and humid. It's warm and humid year round, with the temperature almost never dropping below 20°C (68°F), even at night, and usually climbing to 30°C (86°F) during the day. Recent times, it even reached till 35°C.  Humidity is high, mounting over a 75% mark.

November and December is the rainy season. June-August is considered to be the best time to visit, but even then it rains often. Don't let the climate stop you from going, however. Most buildings are air-conditioned (to the point that you may want to take a sweater), and pains have been taken to make everything as comfortable as can be, all things considered. When it does rain, it's generally only for a short period.

For those who enjoy the sun and the beach, Singapore is an ideal place for beach lovers, as you get the hot hot sun throughout the year. So when you're in Singapore, just bring along your cooling apparels and hats.

Singapore Geography

Singapore's strategic location at the southern tip of the Malaysian peninsula has ensured its importance, which is greater than its size might seem to justify. Singapore consists of the island of Singapore and some 63 islets within its territorial waters. The main island is about 26 mi/42 km from west to east and 14 mi/23 km from north to south. It's a mostly undulating country with low hills (the highest, 540-ft/166-m Bukit Timah Hill, is to the northwest of the city).

Singapore's Central Business District actually spreads across both the central and southern parts of the island (you'll know when you're there - it boasts striking high-rise structures). You can get a good visual orientation to the city as you cross the Benjamin Sheares Bridge on the East Coast Parkway, which links the airport to the city center. The Singapore cityscape looks magnificent, particularly at night when buildings are brilliantly lit. Offshore, there appears to be another city all lit up because of the many ships anchored there - Singapore is one of the busiest seaports in the world.

Many of the city's attractions are clustered closely together. Orchard Road, the shoppers' haven, is located in the northern part of the city center. Chinatown, where you'll find Boat Quay, is just to the southeast of Orchard Road, while Little India is northeast. Sentosa Island, with its many amusements, is directly to the southwest of the city center. These frequently visited neighborhoods, as well as more suburban areas, remain a bustling hive of pedestrian activity well into the evening.

Singapore Map

Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates: 1 22 N, 103 48 E

Area: total: 647.5 sq km

Land: 637.5 sq km

Water: 10 sq km

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 193 km

Elevation extremes:

Lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m

Highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

Terrain: lowland (undulating central plateau with water catchment area and nature preserve)

Related Page

Re: Music

Will look into that Motörhead documentary, I don't think they are my type of thing but need to educate myself on them and be sure, one of those many bands on the To Check list.

Meanwhile, a bit eerie how we were only talking slap bass a few weeks back and just last week one of those very best masters passed away way too young, so this in his honor:

Edit: added umlaut

Thirty million Chinese household

Thirty million Chinese household on Noble Energy will return on modern market home like a small island nation of brings geothermal energy her on slanders abuse geothermal hot water for washing clothes imbued for hundreds of years when it wasn’t until the mid th century that engineers began tapping the resource on a scale large enough to replace costly imported fossil fuels I to us hereNystrom Dixon feet away tended to miss source atheists much to Palermo sources were to happen and it's a %uh and let him into friendly so I don't think there are some lotto benefits geothermal water brings heating and hot water to ninety-three percent of the nation's homes geothermal steam generates percent of Iceland’s electricity no all told geothermal provides over percent of Iceland's total energy needs the muscular.


ya I do agree....Thanks

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Your credit card balance doesn't appear on your police record Neither is it a civil offence, after all what law has been broken? Having a credit card balance is simply a personal debt.

I understand if/when ICA run an international police record scan on someone it's more at say the level of Interpol. To suggest that Interpol might have an interest in your credit card balance is wildly preposterous.

I'm now convinced this whole question is simply a wind-up, as the bounds of reality get pushed further out with each reply. ...

Re: RE: I am a 20 year old NS Defaulter


Encouraging words ...

Brightened my Saturday anyway ....

Re: I am a 20 year old NS Defaulter

If you voluntarily turn yourself in, you will probably be fined (up to $5G I believe) and you will have to do your NS as well. They 'could' make you do time as well. Following is a links to answer your questions but can not answer your odds.... ... #Penalties for NS defaulters

Sir, let me now touch on the issue of punishment for NS defaulters. The legal framework for National Service is contained in two pieces of legislation – the Enlistment Act and the Singapore Armed Forces Act.

The Enlistment Act applies to all Singaporeans and Permanent Residents from age 16½ to 40, or age 50 in the case of officers. The Act provides for the registration and enlistment of those liable for National Service, and also for the requirement to apply for an Exit Permit or to notify MINDEF when going overseas. Those who fail to comply with the provisions of the Enlistment Act are dealt with in the civil courts regardless of whether they are pre-enlistees, full-time NSmen or Operationally Ready NSmen. On conviction, they can be sentenced to a jail term of up to three years, or a fine of up to $5,000, or both.

The Singapore Armed Forces Act deals with those in the service of the SAF and contains provisions pertaining to their conduct and discipline. Those in the service of the SAF comprise regulars, full-time NSmen, and Operationally Ready NSmen who have been served an order to report for service. Pre-enlistees are not subject to the Singapore Armed Forces Act as they are not yet in the service of the SAF. Servicemen who commit offences under the Singapore Armed Forces Act are dealt with either in the Subordinate Military Court or by SAF disciplinary officers.

NS defaulters are dealt with under the Enlistment Act as they have failed to respond to orders to register or enlist for National Service, or failed to comply with Exit Permit requirements. MINDEF’s approach in dealing with NS defaulters has been to charge them in Court for Enlistment Act offences and let the Court impose an appropriate sentence based on the circumstances of each case and the provisions of the Enlistment Act.

Over the past 20 years, 185 NS defaulters have been convicted in Court for Enlistment Act offences. Of these, 43 received jail sentences, 140 were fined and two were punished in connection with other civil offences. Of the 140 who were fined, 35 were ultimately jailed when they did not pay their fines.

Of the 185 convicted defaulters, 127 were enlisted or are awaiting enlistment for National Service following their convictions. Two were supposed to enlist but defaulted again prior to their enlistment. 33 were not drafted as they were unsuitable for enlistment for security or medical reasons - they would not have been enlisted in any case even if they had not defaulted on NS. The remaining 23 were not drafted because they were either above the statutory age limit or no longer Singaporeans.

Of note is that the High Court had, in a 1993 case, reduced the sentences of two NS defaulters - two brothers - from eight months' imprisonment to a fine of $3,000 on appeal. This was an unusual case where it could be said that there were mitigating circumstances. Since then the Subordinate Courts have been using this case as a guideline, and not imposed a jail sentence on single-instance defaulters, no matter how long the default period was. The courts have imposed jail sentence on single instance defaulters only in cases where there are aggravating factors, such as repeated Enlistment Act offences, past criminal records, concurrent charges of other civil offences, and absconding during investigation.

It is for the Court to decide on the appropriate punishment for individual cases of NS defaulters. MINDEF had not been pressing for custodial sentences, nor had it appealed for heavier sentences. The majority of cases so far have been those who returned at a relatively young age and were still able to fulfil their National Service obligations. Half of those charged in Court over the past 20 years returned at age 21 or younger, and 80% returned at age 28 or younger. A fine for such NS defaulters was not inappropriate as they were still able to serve their National Service obligations in full.

However, Melvyn Tan’s case has highlighted an inadequacy in penalties for those who have defaulted for so many years that they are no longer able to discharge their National Service obligations in full. Since the appeal case in the High Court in 1993, besides Melvyn Tan, there have been 13 other cases of convicted defaulters who were sentenced only to a fine and who were not subsequently enlisted because they were already over 40 or almost 40. This is something that we need to look into more closely, especially as there may now be more defaulters who are 40 or older coming before the courts with the passing of time.



Not in my experience.
In fact the only time I've ever been asked for such a thing was when applying for a US visa, from the US Embassy in London.
For the record: In the UK it goes by the rather curious name of a 'Subject Access Notice'. To get a copy of one, you had to go to your local UK police station and prove your id. I.e. there would have been no possibility of getting one if I had have been living abroad.
Which leads to a broader question, how widely available are such things if you don't live in the associated country? This might be why (IME) they don't ask routinely ask for them here, they are difficult if not impossible to get hold of.

Thanks JR8 for the quick reply. I felt the same way. Although I wasn't asked this for my US visa and the UK visa too.
I was worried about all this as i am a bit paranoid about the ICA doing a background search from the countries whre I have resided in the past 5 years and this unpaid credit debt becoming an issue for the singapore student pass application. Although I have spoken to the bank and they have allowed me to pay the due in August once my stipend at NTU starts . But prior to that I have this student pass application and was a bit worried if ICA takes a note of the credit card debt thing........In your opinion the credit card debt is a civil matter right ? and cannot be construed as a criminal matter..... Also it's a very small matter for the INTERPOL and all such authorities to get involved....

U see how paranoid I am getting since a month just because of this shitty credit debt thing......I hope therez no issue with the STP application ....

Recent PR and Citizen successes

Just to add to the knowledge bank here, two recent success stories:

1) Single Male, 38, earning 4k pm, been in Singapore 15 years. Applied PR in November 2014 and received AIP in Feb 2015. Malaysian Chinese.

2) Single female. 45yrs old, been in Singapore 35yrs, PR for 30yrs. Earning >20k pm. Applied for citizenship in Dec 2015 and received AIP in April 2015. Also Malaysian Chinese.

We know there is a higher chance of success for Malaysian Chinese candidates, but I am also of the opinion that a lengthy commitment to Singapore prior to application increases chances. More so than industry, earnings, family, home ownership. It also increases chances of a faster response time, it seems.



Not in my experience.
In fact the only time I've ever been asked for such a thing was when applying for a US visa, from the US Embassy in London.
For the record: In the UK it goes by the rather curious name of a 'Subject Access Notice'. To get a copy of one, you had to go to your local UK police station and prove your id. I.e. there would have been no possibility of getting one if I had have been living abroad.
Which leads to a broader question, how widely available are such things if you don't live in the associated country? This might be why (IME) they don't ask routinely ask for them here, they are difficult if not impossible to get hold of.

I am a 20 year old NS Defaulter


I am a 20 year-old NS Defaulter, soon to be 21. My family and I do not reside in Singapore, as for the most part of my life I have lived outside of Singapore. I only come to Singapore to visit my extended family members. I did receive a letter from Mindef to do army, but I kinda ignored it. As I look back, I feel pretty guilty about not doing my NS. But I knew that education was more important. Now that I am going to complete Uni, I started thinking about how to get back to Singapore.

I guess my question is, If i decide now to do NS, will I still be punished? Will I face jail time? and if so, how long? OR is it simply too late to even change the situation?

Hope someone can answer my question, thanks!

Re: Acne problems

How old are you? If you are an adult, it's probably "adult acne", caused by excess estrogen. You can take a supplement called Diindolylmethane, or "DIM". It's very effective for adult acne.

Good luck, Mickey


A few nerves are normal and probably a positive, it readies you to get everything in order. Better than being complacent, turning up here and having to get copy documents from back home, or elsewhere which can take for ever...
I'm on an LTVP. On that form they want to see a)income, and b)assets. That's so they can gauge that a) you can support yourself and won't be a burden on the state, and b) well the cynic might suggest that's so if you break the law, the state will know what to target.
I actually think it's a bigger picture. It's about profiling you. SG-ICA punch the data into the computer, and it says yes or no.
Now if you've spent the last few years in say Syria, with no declarable income, maybe you can see their point :)
As far as I know background checks (as you suggest) with that 'granularity', bank accounts etc., can't be made cross-border. I.e. I don't think they can 'credit check' you. Here (I believe), they're limited to something like an INTERPOL level check. But they'll take what you've declared on the forms, and simply consider whether 'it all adds up'.
I know those forms are very intimidating, esp. when you are from the EU, as we have pretty open borders and there is nothing like that in the EU.
Here, consider it like the Switzerland of Asia. There are lots of people that really want to move here, most good, but some less so; so the state need to profile everyone.

--- On the LTVP form, I forget precisely if they wanted addresses for the past 5 or 10 years, but I ended up listing about 5 addresses in 3-4 countries. It's pretty normal here for foreigners to move around quite frequently, so no big deal.

Hi JR8......thanks for the reply , appreciate it. I had a small query about your LTVP....When u had listed these countries and addresses where u had lived in the past 5-10 yrs...did the ICA ask for any sort of Police clearance to be submitted form your end from each of these countries ?

Would greatly appreciate a reply.

Re: when locals come here

Of late there seems to be quite a few posts from locals wanting to meetup, out of curiosity what enters your mind when locals come here to post about meeting new friends etc?
... Some people wrote that it sets off alarm bells when you see locals interested in meeting up, would anyone like to share some horror stories?

As with any internet forum I think your perception of others builds over time. That's one reason why it can be so enjoyable/beguiling when you meet them in the flesh :)

I'm not going out and meeting anyone from the internet 1-1 except someone I've chatted to for some time, and preferably met at a group meet-up, AND like.
This made me chuckle to myself and remember when I did exactly that - except for the meet part - I/we did everything up to that.

This is when I used my old, harsher online persona, was single, connected with a forum regular in a quasi-romantic context, sent her my picture (which I normally would never do) at her request, then she gave me reason to regret it immediately thereafter (even then I still tried to maintain some semblance of anonymity).

The thing is, I knew there something was a bit fishy.

Well, it gave the forum a bit of a laugh anyway.